Tanjore Paintings is a form of art developed in the late 16th century in Thanjavur also known as Tanjore in Tamilnadu south Indian state. These paintings evoke a sense of class and timelessness with their alluring illustrations of puranic scenes. This ancient art form traces its origin to Tanjavur, capital of the erstwhile Chola Empire and is popular among contemporary Indian women for showcasing their artistic inclination and tastes.
Interesting Facts of Tanjore Painting: The Government of India recognized Tanjore Painting as Geographical Indication in the year 2007 – 08.
Tanjore Paintings | Thanjavur Paintings | Tanjore Art
Thanjavur paintings are mostly subjected to Hindu God, Goddesses and Saints episodes from Hindu relics or religious texts visualized and sketched in the painting. In many instances, Jain, Sikh, Muslim and secular objects are also depicted in the painting. A typical painting would consist of one main figure, usually a deity, with a well-rounded face, body and oval shaped eyes. The main figure would be enclosed using arches, curtains etc.
Types of Tanjore Painting
There are three types of tanjore art, they are
- Flat Tanjore Painting
- Embossed Tanjore Painting
- Antique Tanjore Painting
Significance of Tanjore Painting
Tanjore art can be characterized by rich, flat and vivid colors.simple iconic composition, use of glittering 22carat gold foils overlaid in the painting work and the paintings are decorated mostly using semi-precious stones to bring out the glow to highlight ornaments, structures etc. Usages of 22 carat Gold and real Tanjore precious stones give a glowing radiance to the painting and the shine of the gold leaves lasts forever.
Thanjavur painting depicts a mix of many cultures (15th to 18th century) such as Nayakas, Rayas, and Maratha and over the period of time changes occurred in the stylization even European style can be seen in some paintings. Tanjore painting was made in various sizes depending on function, Subject, and choice of the patron.
History of Tanjore Paintings
Chola period paintings
Thanjavur has a unique place in the history of Indian arts and crafts. In 11th century chola paintings in the famous tanjore big temple, also the paintings of the 16th century Nayak period, similarly the Maratha rulers also nurtured these artisans which evolved into the famous Thanjavur style paintings known as Tanjore paintings.
British period Paintings
The Vijayanagar Empire, The nayaks and The Marathas nurtured this exclusive art form by using them vastly in temples, palaces, chatrams and other major buildings as decoration. After the fall of kingdom rule this art form flourished taking in a new style known as the company style paintings during the British rule.
Modern period Paintings
Later the mercantile Chettiyar community people continued to patronise the artisans keeping this art form safe from demise. Tanjore art is famous even in these modern days. Paintings are being used for pooja and decoration purposes and also a great collection for art lovers.
the Secret of tanjore painting at home/office?
When decorating a place with a framed “Tanjore Paintings” or “Thanjavur Paintings” which characterized by rich vivid colors, original 22ct gold foils and excellent craftsmanship of skilled artisans. Depicting Hindu gods and goddesses in the paintings, the main figure will be shown in the center decorated with lot of ornaments enclosed in arches and curtains etc. which resembles a palace, where rulers live with respect, wealth and power.
Paintings with real GOLD!
Another major aspect of tanjore painting is the use of gold foils and semi-precious, non-precious stones as adornments, yes! Precious gold is used in tanjore paintings to highlight the structures, real 22ct gold foils are used in paintings along with the stones which make the radiance and shine of these paintings lasts forever.
It is said that precious metals have an auspicious value and we always give the best to our beloved deities, having a painting of a god or goddess made with real gold foils in our home or office will bring success and wellness.
Interesting Facts of Gold plated Tanjore painting: Gold is considered as a form of goddess Lakshmi matha, The Goddess of Wealth and Prosperity having an authentic tanjore painting will boost prosperity and bring an aura of blissfulness in a place.
Embossed Tanjore Painting
Embossed Tanjore paintings are famous and well known for their unique significance in the art lover’s world. Apart from their century old heritage and method of making tanjore paintings also have another embellishing feature that makes it unique and a breath-taking art form.
Embossed paintings or the 3D tanjore paintings in which the surface will be elevated to create 3D effect of the painted subject makes it lively and astonishing.
The making of Embossed Tanjore Art
- The embossed effect of elevated surface is created by using muck (Mixture of Chalk powder & Arabic Gum).
- Semi-precious or non-precious stones and glass beads are used as adornment in the ornaments for the deity.
- Later 22 carat real gold foil is pasted on the elevated surface to give the everlasting glow which is the unique feature of tanjore paintings.
Antique Tanjore Painting
The word Antique means for something old and to be treasured as most valuable based on its traditional value, Antiques are usually objects that show some degree of craftsmanship, collectability, or a certain attention to design likewise when we see about tanjore paintings history it’s a 16th century art form and these paintings can be seen in century old temples and many other monumental places.
The same effect of a century old painting can be obtained in the famous tanjore paintings called Antique Tanjore Paintings, Skilled artisans provide a choice for antique tanjore paintings as the name states which has the antique finish in it making it more like a painting with a heritage of its own.